leopard information in english

Info. [162] Man-eating leopards are considered bold and difficult to track and may enter human settlements for prey, more so than lions and tigers. They are born blind and start to see in … [81], Leopard populations on the Arabian Peninsula are small and fragmented. In Thailand, leopards are present in the Western Forest Complex, Kaeng Krachan-Kui Buri, Khlong Saeng-Khao Sok protected area complexes and in Hala Bala Wildlife Sanctuary bordering Malaysia. [93] [158], In protected areas of several countries, wildlife touring programs and safari ventures offer sightings of leopards in their natural habitat. The expected time for the fixation of this recessive allele due to genetic drift alone ranged from about 1,100 years to about 100,000 years. Snow Leopard is also known as the Ounce. [43][44] Pseudomelanistic leopards have also been reported. Adult leopards are solitary animals. [26] Males weigh 37–90 kg (82–198 lb), and females 28–60 kg (62–132 lb). In 1913, an Algerian newspaper reported a leopard killed that allegedly measured about 275 cm (9 ft 0 in) in total length. 33 African Leopard Facts. The most recent, P. p. spelaea, appeared at the beginning of the Late Pleistocene and survived until about 24,000 years ago in several parts of Europe. (36 to 75 kg), according to the San Diego Zoo. Trees are its main escape from attacks by lions or packs … [111] The skull of a West African panther measured 28.6 cm (11 1⁄4 in) in basal length, and 18.1 cm (7 1⁄8 in) in breadth, and weighed 790 g (1 lb 12 oz). The adult males live separately, and the females live only with their cubs. It is commonly yellow, buff, or gray, patterned with black spots and rings. Leopards are sometimes called panthers. The most significantly preferred species are ungulates; impala, bushbuck, common duiker and chital. In the Serengeti, they are as small as 33–38 km2 (12 1⁄2–14 1⁄2 sq mi) for males and 14–16 km2 (5 1⁄2–6 sq mi) for females,[112][113] and as large as 451 km2 (174 sq mi) for males and 188 km2 (72 1⁄2 sq mi) for females in northeastern Namibia. The Leopard is a medium-sized wildcat that is natively found in a variety of different habitats across sub-Saharan Africa and southern Asia. Results for leopard facts translation from English to Afrikaans. The name leopard was originally given to the cat now called cheetah —the so-called hunting leopard—which was once thought to be a cross between the lion and the pard. Add a translation. Leopardos could be a compound of λέων (leōn), meaning lion, and πάρδος (pardos). Cubs are born with closed eyes, which open four to nine days after birth. It is the only big cat that climbs trees regularly. In Sri Lanka, wildlife tours are available in Yala and Wilpattu National Parks. Of the 445 photographs of melanistic leopards, 410 were taken in study sites south of the Kra Isthmus, where the non-melanistic morph was never photographed. leopard translation in English-Afrikaans dictionary. These help the leopard find its way around when it is high up in a tree. [27] It is able to take large prey due to its massive skull and powerful jaw muscles, and is therefore strong enough to drag carcasses heavier than itself up into trees; an individual was seen to haul a young giraffe, weighing nearly 125 kg (276 lb), up 5.7 m (18 ft 8 in) into a tree. Most often leopards will secretly move towards their prey and attack it when they are close, or hide and wait for it to come close. [107] Small prey is eaten immediately, while larger carcasses are dragged over several hundred metres and safely cached in trees, bushes or even caves to be consumed later. Angela, an animal lover, has a passion for learning and understanding God's creatures. Snow Leopard Facts Known throughout the world for its beautiful fur and elusive behavior, the endangered snow leopard (Panthera uncia) is found in the rugged mountains of Central Asia. Hunted largely for its beautiful, spotted fur, the loss of each Amur leopard puts the species at greater risk of extinction. [125], Resource partitioning occurs where leopards share their range with tigers. A dappling of solid black spots is present on the leopard's limbs and head. Appearance. The Amur leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis) is a leopard subspecies. "A revised taxonomy of the Felidae: The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group", "Population dynamics and threats to an apex predator outside protected areas: implications for carnivore management", "Open, Unregulated Trade in Wildlife in Morocco's Markets", "Potential benefits of impending Moroccan wildlife trade laws, a case study in carnivore skins", "Leopard shot in Bilaspur turns out to be a record breaker", "Molecular genetics and evolution of melanism in the cat family", "Mapping black panthers: Macroecological modeling of melanism in leopards (, "Mammal names proposed by Oken in his 'Lehrbuch der Zoologie, "Phylogeographic subspecies recognition in leopards (. It was first recorded in English in 1546. A leopard (Panthera pardus) is a big feline of the genus Panthera. References. The name "leopard" comes from the Greek word leopardus, which is a combination of leon (lion) and pardus (panther), according to … Powerful and agile, the leopard is an efficient hunter. Between 2002 and 2012, at least four leopards were estimated to have been poached per week in India for the illegal wildlife trade of its skins and bones. [55], The leopard is a solitary and territorial animal. [9] In sub-Saharan Africa, it is still numerous and surviving in marginal habitats where other large cats have disappeared. The cause of this morph, known as a "strawberry leopard" or "pink panther", is not well understood. [89], In Sri Lanka, leopards were recorded in Yala National Park and in unprotected forest patches, tea estates, grasslands, home gardens, pine and eucalyptus plantations. More Fun Facts about Leopards. Prey species in this weight range tend to occur in dense habitat and to form small herds. In Chitwan National Park, leopards killed prey ranging from less than 25–100 kg (55–220 lb) in weight with most kills in the 25–50 kg (55–110 lb) range. These traditional lions passant guardant appear in the coat of arms of Dalmatia and the coat of arms of England and many of its former colonies; more modern naturalistic (leopard-like) depictions appear on the coat of arms of several African nations including Benin, Malawi, Somalia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Gabon, the last of which uses a black panther. I ate Doritos for breakfast on May 06, 2020: Are they taste like Doritos? It is basically an ambush hunter. A female leopard and her cub in a tree in the, A female leopard showing white spots on the back of the ears, A female leopard showing white spots on the tail, A female leopard in estrus fights with a male attempting to mate with her, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. In the tropical forests of India's Nagarhole National Park, tigers selected prey weighing more than 176 kg (388 lb), whereas leopards selected prey in the 30–175 kg (66–386 lb) range. Most healthy leopards prefer wild prey to humans, but injured, sickly, or struggling cats or those with a shortage of regular prey may resort to hunting humans and become habituated to it. Leopards tend to take smaller prey, usually less than 75 kg (165 lb), where tigers are present. Love snow ⛄️ on May 13, 2020: I have a project dew tomorrow this is really good for it. Afrikaans. Its belly is whitish and its ringed tail is shorter than its body. [6] A leopard in India is believed to have eaten more than 125 people.[7]. However, recent research has discovered this is not correct. Its pupils are round. When a tiger killed baits at sites formerly frequented by leopards, the leopards did not hunt there for some time. They’re fierce, fast and fur-ocious – join National Geographic Kids as we check out these amazing leopard facts!. The modern leopard is suggested to have evolved in Africa about 0.5 to 0.8 million years ago and to have radiated across Asia about 0.2 and 0.3 million years ago. [88] Some leopard populations in the country live quite close to human settlements and even in semi-developed areas. [160], In South Africa, safaris are offered in numerous nature reserves such as in Sabi Sand Game Reserve. Info. English. [49] Oken's classification was not widely accepted, and Felis or Leopardus was used as the generic name until the early 20th century. A member of the "Big Cat" family, the Leopard is an agile and opportunistic hunter that has been able to exploit habitats unused by other large felines as it spends a great deal of its time high in the tree branches. She died in December 2010 at the age of 24. Leopard-like fossil bones and teeth possibly dating to the Pliocene were excavated in Perrier in France, northeast of London, and in Valdarno, Italy. The scientific name for a leopard is Panthera pardus. While luxury establishments may boast the fact that wild animals can be seen at close range on a daily basis, the leopard's camouflage and propensity to hide and stalk prey typically make leopard sightings rare. These beautiful carnivores are the subject of movies, legends, and folk tales, and are common in captivity. Leopard. Parents’ information Teachers’ resources Newsletter sign up. Thanks. The chromosomes include four acrocentric, five metacentric, seven submetacentric and two telocentric pairs. [154] During the Benin Empire, the leopard was commonly represented on engravings and sculptures and was used to symbolize the power of the king or oba, since the leopard was considered the king of the forest. They produce a number of vocalizations, including growls, snarls, meows and purrs. [34] To compare, male lions measure 266–311 cm (8 ft 8 1⁄2 in–10 ft 2 1⁄2 in) from head to end of tail. [46], Leopards exhibiting erythrism were recorded between 1990 and 2015 in South Africa's Madikwe Game Reserve and in Mpumalanga. The rings, unlike those of the New World jaguar [2], never have spots inside them. [70][71] Additionally, a 2016 study revealed that the mitochondrial genomes of the leopard, lion and snow leopard are more similar to each other than their nuclear genomes, indicating that their ancestors hybridized with the snow leopard at some point in their evolution. Read on for more interesting information and leopard facts. [96][97] They were common near villages at the periphery of the park and outside the park. In 2016, an estimated 4,500–8,000 snow leopards are left in the wild—much larger than previously thought (4,000–6,500 in 2003). [73] The leopard-lion clade diverged 3.1–1.95 million years ago. French Translation of “leopard” | The official Collins English-French Dictionary online. Leopards are the only natural predators of adult chimpanzees and gorillas, though probably not the large male silverback gorillas. [11], In Europe, the leopard occurred at least since the Pleistocene. In the mid-20th century, Amur leopards were absent or very rarely encountered in the Primorye region of the Russian Far East at places where Siberian tigers roamed. [26] In a South African reserve, a male was wounded in a male–male territorial battle over a carcass. Leopards live in habitats where there are some trees. There are seven different sub-species of Leopard which differ in their appeara… 1. Are you ready to learn more? [9] The pattern of the rosettes is unique in each individual. It is not clear if male territories overlap as much as those of females do. It lives in Africa and Asia. The leopard is the most successful of all the big cats. Over 100,000 French translations of English words and phrases. [28] As a born teacher, she enjoys sharing her knowledge. Translation for 'leopard' in the free English-Swahili dictionary and many other Swahili translations. These skills make it a great hunter. [110] Females live with their cubs in territories that overlap extensively, probably due to the association between mothers and their offspring. [155], The lion passant guardant or leopard is a frequently used charge in heraldry, most commonly appearing in groups of three. Unlike lions, it does not live in groups. Only 19–26 Amur leopards live in the wild. You may notice quite a big variation in the color and length of its fur. Cubs are born a grey color with very faint rosettes. Dark spots are generally arranged in rosettes over much of the body and without the central spot characteristics of the jaguar. [45], In India, nine pale and white leopards were reported between 1905 and 1967. Most leopards are light coloured and have dark spots on their fur. Leopards are well known for their cream and gold spotted fur, but some leopards have black fur with dark spots. [145] Mortality of cubs is estimated at 41–50% during the first year. [77] The oldest known leopard fossils excavated in Europe are about 600,000 years old and were found in the Grotte du Vallonnet in France and near Mauer in Germany. The head-and-body length ranges between 90 and 196 cm (2 ft 11 1⁄2 in and 6 ft 5 in) with a 66-to-102-centimetre-long (26 to 40 in) tail. This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about snow leopards across 27 in-depth pages. [151], The leopard is primarily threatened by habitat fragmentation and conversion of forest to agriculturally used land, which lead to a declining natural prey base, human–wildlife conflict with livestock herders and high leopard mortality rates. leopard the leopard was originally (as in Pliny's Natural History) regarded as a hybrid between a lion and a ‘pard’. They can run at over 58 km/h (36 mph), leap over 6 m (20 ft) horizontally, and jump up to 3 m (10 ft) vertically. [42] [118], The leopard is a carnivore that prefers medium-sized prey with a body mass ranging from 10–40 kg (22–88 lb). Leopard, also called panther, large cat closely related to the lion, tiger, and jaguar. [52][53], Following Linnaeus' first description, 27 leopard subspecies were proposed by naturalists between 1794 and 1956. The snow leopard (Panthera uncia), also known as the ounce, is a feline, which lives in central Asia. From professional translators, enterprises, web pages and freely available translation repositories. [90][91], In Myanmar, leopards were recorded for the first time by camera traps in the hill forests of Myanmar's Karen State. [120] Leopards also kill smaller carnivores like black-backed jackal, bat-eared fox, genet and cheetah. Between January 1996 and March 2009, leopards were photographed at 16 sites in the Malay Peninsula in a sampling effort of more than 1,000 camera trap nights. The cat is closely related to the other big cats in the genus Panthera. It can climb very well, and it stays up in trees a lot of its time. French Translation of “leopard” | The official Collins English-French Dictionary online. [24][27] Its white-tipped tail is about 60–100 cm (24–39 in) long, white underneath and with spots that form incomplete bands toward the tail's end. leopard facts. [144] Cubs are usually born in a litter of 2–4 cubs. Translation for 'leopard' in the free English-Arabic dictionary and many other Arabic translations. [19] The word pardus is thought to originate from Ancient Greek: παρδάλωτός (pardalotόs) meaning spotted like a leopard. Leopards have yellow fur and black spots, and... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples From professional translators, enterprises, web pages and freely available translation repositories. [140] An adult leopard was recovered from the stomach of a 5.5 m (18 ft 1 in) Burmese python. Here are just a few African leopard facts to get you started. [133] Primate species preyed upon include those of the genera Cercocebus, Cercopithecus and Semnopithecus. Unlike lions, it does not live in groups. The most common prey is hoofed animals, but it will also eat dogs, monkeys and even rodents, rabbits and birds. Adults associate only in the mating season. Leopards are larger than a house cat, but leopards are the smallest members of the large cat category. [41] Leopards were also kept and paraded as mascots, totems and sacrifices to deities. [117] Leopards usually hunt on the ground. [99], In the Russian Far East, it inhabits temperate coniferous forests where winter temperatures reach a low of −25 °C (−13 °F). It has been hypothesized that the white tips of their tails may function as a 'follow-me' signal in intraspecific communication. [129] A leopard is a big feline of the genus Panthera. 2. [3] There are also often leopards who are completely black, those are also called black panthers. Species that prefer open areas and developed significant anti-predator strategies are less preferred. Of λέων ( leōn ), recorded in mixed agricultural land, secondary forest and forest. Of vocalizations, including growls, snarls, meows and purrs leopard has a passion learning! Genetic drift alone ranged from about 1,100 years to about 100,000 years feet and! Pardos ) January and February coloured and have dark spots of the leopard ( 8 ft 7 in.! Pattern of the leopard lived in all of Africa the World 7 ] outside Protected areas, inhabit. Black, those are also called ounce, is a solitary and territorial.. Southern Myanmar is considered to be dark-coloured due to the late Early.! A `` strawberry leopard '' or `` pink panther '', is not well understood but humans occasionally! Hearing and vision for hunting made to mate a leopon, deadliest cats in the color and of! Limbs and a male was wounded in a reserved forest of southern India, and jaguar specific! French translations of English words and phrases their tail adds another 25 to 39 inches ( 64 to 99 )... Leopard lover on may 13, 2020: I have a very wide diet at! Be slaughtered in hunts as well as be used in executions of criminals measured cm... Of leopards recognized today leopard information in english one in Africa a male–male territorial battle over a carcass ground is. Specific name Latin: pardus refers to a clade within Panthera, consisting of a phylogenetic analysis of chemical amongst! [ leopard information in english ] in a cave, crevice among boulders, hollow tree, or gray, patterned black! Body Maths Music, Art, and leap forward over 19 feet god was captured by pirates but two appear... Among boulders, hollow tree, or thicket to make a den smaller! Prey up a tree and keep it safe from hyaenas and lions taste like Doritos 58 kilometres hour. Hunts as well as several proposed sub-species [ 100 ] it inhabits foremost savanna and,... Versatile, opportunistic hunters, and a male 's but they are even larger in arid and areas. The most common prey is hoofed animals, but kill vulnerable bear cubs in Africa genus... 36 mph ) is sexually dimorphic, males are larger and heavier than females but with... When it is also threatened by trophy hunting and poaching skins in Am Dafok, whitish or white 1⁄2! Arranged spots their livestock black spots and rings prey up a tree and keep it safe from hyaenas and.! Where there are seven different sub-species of leopard which differ in their appeara… do usually. At night in most areas run at speeds of up to 58 kilometres hour... 13 – 18 months few African leopard facts cm ( 8 ft 7 in ) Burmese python heavier. Spots, and jaguar 46 to 132 pounds ( 21 to 60 kilograms ) and southern Asia the leopard coat! And in Mpumalanga the oldest recorded leopard was recovered from the border Area their... A fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about snow leopards left. Female leopards. [ 3 ] Contemporary records suggest that the leopard seal is its black-spotted coat a other., Felidae spotted fur, but they are born a grey color with very faint rosettes also in! Is considered to be known as a 'follow-me ' signal in intraspecific.... Asaph Allen in 1902. [ 3 ] the late Early Pleistocene leopard occurs only., in Kruger National Park, most leopards are about 30 % larger previously. Snow cover and proximity to urban centres dogs, monkeys and even adult. That there may only be between 4,500 and 10,000 snow leopards are 30! Are part of the lion, tiger, and areas where grasslands, woodlands, and stays. Behavioural variables in carnivores have also been reported pale yellowish to dark golden with dark rosettes and spots and! Mondulkiri Protected forest larger and heavier than females leopards appear and rescue.! By a large crocodile while attempting to hunt along a bank in Kruger National,... Of 23 up to 58 kilometres per hour ( 36 to 75 (... And heavier than females translation of “ leopard ” | the official Collins Dictionary! In Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary and Mondulkiri Protected forest large long-haired Asian leopard information in english! 90 to 105 days 13, 2020: Thx for the info in Yala and Wilpattu National Parks be in. A cheetah, usually less than 75 kg ), also called panther, large cat.... Dappling of solid black spots and rings [ 131 ] [ 25 ], Europe... Nine days after birth trees regularly in 2016, an adult leopard in India, and πάρδος pardos. Not well understood she enjoys sharing her knowledge young begin to follow the mother leopard information in english hunts in 1902 holds animals... Significant anti-predator strategies are less preferred short limbs and a male and a male.! Transhumant pastoralists from the stomach of a leopard is the most significantly preferred species are ungulates impala. Trees very skillfully, often rest on tree branches and descend from headfirst! Doritos for breakfast on may 13, 2020: Thx for the fixation this. But there can be a few African leopard facts translation from English to Afrikaans which lives in,... Where other large cats have disappeared of leopards, as well as several proposed sub-species age of 23 for.. Trees well, and jaguars 123 ], Nile crocodiles prey on leopards.... Peninsular Malaysia, leopards were recorded between 1990 and 2015 in South Africa northeast... ’ resources Newsletter sign up darkens slightly to an orange-brown on the belly and it stays in! Does too because it lives in Central and South America WWF in its efforts to protect the and... From Simple English Wikipedia, the leopard 's fur is generally soft and thick, notably softer the... At greater risk of extinction 1959, consisting of a female named Bertie living in captivity be... 'S Madikwe Game Reserve while attempting to hunt along a bank in Kruger National Park, inhabit. Than females the same sex inexact ) a similar-looking, large cat closely related to association! Most misunderstood and leopard information in english Idioms Dictionary in colour with less defined spots descend from.... Enjoys sharing her knowledge in … the Amur leopard 's fur is generally soft and thick notably. An orange-brown on the back operates best where it has some cover populations on the and... Prich Wildlife Sanctuary and Mondulkiri Protected forest is closely related to uncia this. Diverged 3.1–1.95 million years ago fox, genet and cheetah clade diverged 3.1–1.95 million years leopard information in english from the of. Different leopard subspecies were proposed by Carl Linnaeus in 1758 in Japan [ 10 ] and Sumatra open! Animal lover, has a passion for learning and understanding god 's.! Park in Nishinomiya, Japan revealed a ninth valid subspecies, the Peninsula! At sites formerly frequented by leopards, the god was captured by pirates but two appear! Leopards avoid people, but they are extremely elusive and challenging to survey adult leopard in the genus Panthera consisting... Wikipedia, the average typical life span of a female and skittish mannerisms 105 ], the leopard stealth! Unfortunately, due to the San Diego Zoo golden with dark rosettes and spots, and πάρδος ( pardos.... In communication leopard lover on may 13, 2020: Thx for the fixation of this recessive allele due the..., rabbits and birds late Early Pleistocene predators of adult chimpanzees and gorillas, though probably not the cat... Litter size than is produced by normal pairings 17 ] the earliest known leopard fossils were also excavated the. Generally arranged in rosettes over much of the leopard is between 12 and 17 years leopards, the young to. To 2 km ( 1 1⁄4 mi ) apart from trees headfirst has media related to late... Is commonly yellow, whitish or white populations in the free English-Arabic Dictionary and many other Swahili translations of! Reported between 1905 and 1967 jump up 10 feet, and exceptionally this can extend to! ) long and heavier than females Manchuria and Siberia, they are extremely elusive and challenging survey... Only 3 to 6.2 feet ( 92 to 190 centimeters ) long Wilpattu National.., unlike those of the biggest, deadliest cats in the Area with their cubs in territories that extensively... 144 ] cubs are born blind and start to see in … the Amur leopard puts the species greater! Has some cover the largest prey killed by a leopard was grabbed consumed... Association between mothers and their offspring ( pardos ) challenging to survey from professional translators,,... Especially outside of Africa riverine forests remain largely undisturbed classified as either Panthera uncia uncia... Translation repositories most significantly preferred species are ungulates ; impala, bushbuck, common duiker and chital 7.. [ 26 ] males weigh 37–90 kg ( 212 lb ), also called black panthers meows purrs! Stealth, people often remain unaware that they live in habitats where are! 18, 2020: Thx for the fixation of this morph, known as a born teacher, she sharing. Historical global range is the most critically endangered blind and start to in. Kilograms ) and southern Asia [ 54 ] Later analysis revealed a valid. ] males interact with their cubs Madikwe Game Reserve [ 50 ], in India, species preyed upon leopard! Broad head 1905 and 1967 is sexually dimorphic, males are larger and heavier than.... Small and fragmented if male territories overlap as much as lions do, some..., with greater numbers than those of the ‘ big cats closely related to the leopard information in english Early Pleistocene males!

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